On-farm measurements of both fodder production and livestock diet and outputs were performed. Based on these data, current and future possibilities for farmers in each of the three wealth categories to produce livestock fodder were assessed. The village Umurera is representative for the Central Plateau area in
The fieldwork-measurements revealed a large range in land-availability (0.10-2.86 ha). Most important fodder for cattle were: grasses (56%), parts of the banana plant (21%) and residues of several crops (15%). One quarter (25%) of the feed consisted of uncultivated grass. The farmer from WC-I (which is the lowest wealth-category occurring in the area) fed a lower percentage of grasses, but larger quantities of marshland-herbs and crop residues. The feed composition for cattle of WC-II and WC-III is almost equal. Some cattle in Umurera was underfed. The amount of fodder on offer for cattle ranged between
Calculations about the current possibilities for farmers to produce livestock fodder resulted in a negative conclusion for each of the three farmers from wealth-category I. The analysis also explored the effects of five scenarios in which the quantity of three cultivated fodder-plants was either increased, decreased or kept equal. The calculated annual fodder production (kg DM) per farmer indicates that in several scenarios two of the poorest farmers are likely able to keep local cattle. However, the GoR intends to distribute improved cattle, therefore the ‘One farm, one cow’-program in its current set-up, is not viable. To be able to keep local cattle, the farmers need to make substantial investments, which might not be realistic in the first place. Furthermore, the annual production of fodder in Umurera is also likely to differ from the numbers used in calculations, which can directly affect the conclusion of this study. The viability of the program would increase in case the breed of distributed cattle would change from B. taurus to B. indicus.